Collective wage bargaining systems in manufacturing in Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway and Sweden are confronted with two key challenges: increased cross-country competition between Northern European companies operating within the same high-value/high-cost segment of the market; and the competitive pressures resulting from increased east-north integration. Thorsten Schulten (WSI), Torsten Müller (ETUI), Jon Eric Dølvik (Fafo) and Christian Ibsen (Michigan State University) show how the responses of collective actors to these two challenges shaped the development of wage bargaining systems.
Changes in industrial relations in Europe: decline in collective bargaining coverage, employer and union densities, but also many efforts to restructure the welfare state as well as systems of labour market regulation. The 12th ILERA European Congress invites participants to research and discuss how societal actors seek to actively shape labour relations, institutions, processes and outcomes.
In Germany, incidents of employers’ hostility towards the establishment of works councils are widespread. Based on data provided by a survey among paid union representatives, Martin Behrens and Heiner Dribbusch (WSI) find that employers disrupt every sixth attempt to establish a works council. The most common strategy is to intimidate candidates. Results indicate that attempts by employers to obstruct employees’ participation rights are focused on medium-sized and owner-managed firms.
The impact of high levels of immigration is likely to challenge the institutions of comprehensive regulation of labour markets on which the European Social Model rests. The left has to find a policy on migration which is strong on anti-racism but does not ignore reality.
Why do some employers' associations offer their members the option to join and access services while avoiding the obligations arising to regular members from industry‐level collective agreements with unions whereas others have refused to introduce this option? An empirical analysis by Martin Behrens (WSI) and Markus Helfer (University Innsbruck)
Labour law regulations and the national insurance systems for self-employed, secondary jobs and marginal part-time employment in the UK: Regulations are complex and confusing and impede take-up. Lack of transparency and weak enforcement hits vulnerable workers the most. The new study by Jacqueline O' Reilly and Christine Lewis is part of the WSI research project "Hybrid working arrangements in Europe”.
Are there austerity-related policy changes in Germany? Anke Hassel and Werner Eichhorst investigate the existence and extent of retrenchment policies in the aftermath of the 2008-09 recession. Analyses show that while the major reforms during the early 2000s can be characterised as welfare state readjustment, more recent changes entail at least some characteristics of welfare protectionism.
A Research Project by the International Labour Organization (ILO) examined the extension of collective agreements in international comparison. Thorsten Schulten analyses the German case and explains why the legal reform of 2014 has so far largely failed to enable more extensions.
If analyses of demographic change are reduced to changes of demographic dependency ratios alone the solution is often an increase of the retirement age. Florian Blank shows in a presentation why labour market policies are more important to encounter ageing societies.
Since 2008, collective bargaining systems have been under pressure to follow the logic of companies and market imperatives. The book investigates the ongoing shift from centrally coordinated multi-employer to decentralized collective bargaining in five EU Member States. Among the authors: Thorsten Schulten and Reinhard Bispinck.
Against the European trend, employment and working conditions in the German public sector have improved after the financial crisis. Our WSI study by Thorsten Schulten and Daniel Seikel shows that besides the quick economic recovery trade union strategies played an important role.
A new study on Danish social protection for atypical employment summarizes the main regulations and trends. Mikkel Mailand and Tine P. Larsen (University of Copenhagen) find that benefits are increasingly depend on employment status and on collective bargaining coverage. A further trend, which is mainly seen from the beginning of the present decade, is towards stricter entitlement rules and other barriers to benefits. The study is part of the WSI research project on "Hybrid working arrangements in Europe”.
The 2017 collective bargaining round was dominated by negotiations over pay, with an overall average rise in agreed pay of 2.4%. Set against a rising inflation rate of 1.8%, this implied a modest average increase in real pay of 0.6% compared with the previous year, substantially less than in 2016. Given the favourable economic situation, pay claims submitted for 2018 indicate that trade unions will be pressing for a return to more expansive approach. The 2018 bargaining round has also seen the return of the issue of working time organisation to the negotiating agenda.
Is a Universal Basic Income the answer to an increasingly precarious job landscape? Could it bring greater financial freedom for women, tackle the issue of unpaid but essential work, cut poverty and promote greater choice? Or is it a dead-end utopian ideal that distracts from more practical and cost-effective solutions? Among the authors: Anke Hassel (WSI), defending the position that unconditional basic income is a dead end.
The call for a minimum wage sufficient to secure a decent existence has been at
the centre of public debate both in Germany and across Europe. The WSI
Minimum Wage Report aims to contribute to this debate by offering a comprehensive analysis of current minimum wage developments in Europe and beyond.
In a recently published book on occupational welfare in Europe, Florian Blank (WSI) discusses recent developments in the field of pensions and unemployment-related schemes in Germany. In his article he disentangles the complex state of occupational welfare in the German system of welfare provision and industrial relations.
In-work poverty is on the rise in many European countries. At the same time, labour market policies focus predominantly on activation measures. Using EU-SILC and OECD data, the authors show that active labour market polices with a stronger focus on demanding than on enabling strategies lead to higher in-work poverty rates.
In 2016, 2,7 Million workers in Germany received less than the minimum wage of 8,50€ per hour. This comes up to 9,8% of people who are entitled to receive it after the minimum wage law that came into force in 2015. The highest rates of avoidance by employers are found in private households (42,6%), hotel and catering industry (38,0%) and retail (19,5%).
The recent wave of mistrust towards political systems in the Western world points out social inequality as the defining issue of our time. A new dossier of Social Europe in cooperation with Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI) investigates various aspects of inequality with a European perspective.
WSI research covers issues of employment and institutional change in a globalising world, the quality of work as well as questions of redistribution and social security, industrial relations and collective bargaining policy. The work of the WSI is organised in five research areas:
Information on WSI members of staff and WSI guests and their fields of expertise
"WSI-Mitteilungen" is a scientific journal providing up-to-date information on the results of research on current issues of relevance to trade unions.